A Grim Reality: Violence against Women in Nepal
There is global existence of domestic violence against women which differs only in range and nature between the societies. The male dominations in state, society, culture and family structure nurture the unequal power relations favoring male in both public and private spheres which eventually lead to the practices of domestic violence against women.
UN has formally recognized the “Violence against Women” as social and development agenda by declaring the post ten years of 1976 as “Decade for Women” and issuing “Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women” in 1993. However, the gender based discrimination has rooted in the societies in such an extent that the global commitment has also brought minimal changes.
South Asia is one of the leading regions to account domestic violence against women as the studies reports that one in every two women of the region experiences the violence in her daily life. Specifically, the South Asian states and societies persists the hierarchical caste and ethic structure which favors the gender based domination of male so the community sanctioned violence is the combine impact of social, cultural, political, economic, and legal factors of the region. The Oxfam study titled “Towards Ending Violence against Women in South Asia” reports that 80 per cent of women in Pakistan have experience violence within their homes; 50 per cent of women in India have experience of at least one incident of physical or psychological violence in their lifetime; and 32 per cent of Bangladeshi women working outside their homes experience disruption of their work due to the incidents of domestic violence. The website of “Reporters without Borders” reports that the South Asian newspapers have leading headlines on: Girls being burn for dowry, Girls being exploited in the work places and Girls being trafficked for sex trade.
Stylish Fact of Nepal: Nepal is also the member of the South Asia region with high incidence of domestic violence. The Nepal Demographic Health Survey of 2006 accounts that the female members of family have less role in decision making of family matter which clearly signifies the extent of male domination in Nepali society from family level which perpetuate the domestic violence in entire Nepali society. Likewise, the study of Save the Children accounts that 5,000 to 7,000 Nepali women and girls are trafficked as sex worker each year from Nepal which also signifies the rampant persistence of violence against women in Nepal. Further, The Social Inclusion Research Fund (SIRF) funded researches indicate that the core issues of Women is violence against women as 80% of its researches are on domestic violence against women.