Social Watch Report 2008 Rights is the Answer
Social Watch 2008 report Rights is the Answer was launched Monday at the International Conference on Financing for Development in Doha, Qatar. NEWW-Polska is the co-author of the chapter relates to Poland.
Social Watch, an international NGO watchdog network monitoring government compliance with international commitments, has published this annual report since 1996. The report documents the relation between human rights and the economic and financial architecture in 59 countries through the testimonies of grassroots activists and civil society analysts in these countries. The national reports show how the pervasiveness of extreme poverty and gender inequity is intimately linked to the immediate effects of the current triple crisis and to longer-term painful economic adjustments ingrained in the global financial architecture.
Social Watch documents the widespread, haphazard implementation of policies promoting economic liberalisation and deregulation. They found that these policies have provoked the curtailment of people’s economic and social rights around the globe, that liberalisation and deregulation now curtail the ability of many developing countries to comply with their international commitments to end poverty and achieve gender equality. The growing income inequalities both within and between countries spurred by capital flight, tax evasion, and privatisation have slowed down the progress on key social indicators. According to the Social Watch calculations, meeting the eight Millennium Goals is virtually impossible if world governments maintain a "business as usual" attitude. In the first thematic report of the 2008 Social Watch document, Nicholas Shaxson and John Christensen of the Tax Justice Network demonstrate how weak tax reporting policies allow for illicit financial flows. They cite from a University of Massachusetts study that estimates capital flight from 40 African countries over a 35-year period amounted to 420 billion dollars (2004 dollars). Compare this with their total external debt, which amounted to 227 million dollars in 2004. According to Shaxson and Christensen, "We can no longer focus so strongly on aid, without bringing tax into the core of the debate. Tax is the most accountable, and sustainable source of financing for development." In another thematic report, Mirjam van Reisen and Simon Stocker of Eurostep document how the promises made by the European Commission (EC) to focus its development aid strategies on promoting poverty eradication have not been fulfilled, due in large part to Europe’s overriding interest in liberalising trade flows. EC aid to developing countries is now largely channelled towards improving infrastructure and facilitating trade, instead of contributing towards the realisation of basic social rights such as access to health care and education. Kinda Mohamadieh of the Arab NGO Network for Development provides a developing country view in her thematic report on social and economic rights in the Arab region. In recent years, Mohamadieh says, economic liberalisation has actually thwarted attempts to strengthen democracy in the region. Social Watch calls for the convening by the U.N. of a comprehensive, inclusive process to review and reconstruct the international financial and monetary institutions -- a demand that has become a bone of contention at the Doha talks here. Only an international conference convened by the U.N. that includes developing countries and civil society can yield benefits for the majority of the world's people, according to Social Watch.