UN Millennium Development Goals

2004-09-02 14:43:22 / News read 2465 reading
The present Report has beencommissioned by the UN Representative inPoland and prepared by the GdańskInstitute for Market Economics. Its aim is topresent the state and prospects for Poland’sdevelopment in the context of the UnitedNations Millennium Declaration adopted atthe Millennium Summit in New York on 6-8September 2000, and to preparerecommendations which might be helpfulfor Poland’s government and internationalpartners in achieving progress in socialdevelopment.

The general methodologicalconcept of the Report is based on theconcept of the Millennium DevelopmentGoals Report (MDGR) prepared by theUnited Nations Development Group(UNDG). The year 1990 is the referencepoint for the future, and the 1990-2000period is subject to analysis. The goals setfor the future are to be achieved over thenext ten to fifteen years.Given the fact that in some casesthe proposed scheme does not correspondwith Poland’s situation due to Poland’srelatively high level of economic and socialdevelopment, some necessary changes havebeen introduced in line with the followingassumptions:- development goals, targets and indicatorsfor Poland should be as close tothe original proposal as possible;- specific goals and targets should reflect themost crucial development issues forPoland within the given area;- the proposed indicators should, as far aspossible, be compatible with those used ininternational comparisons and ininternational statistics.Consequently, the Gdansk Institute forMarket Economics, in agreement with theUN Representative in Poland and uponconsultation with UN Country Team inPoland, has introduced targets andindicators specific to Poland’s situation1.

The ultimate set of goals, targets andindicators for Poland is presented inthe table on a page 6.The original contents of Goal 1 inthe final version prepared by UNDG relateto extreme poverty and hunger (eradicateextreme poverty and hunger) and areincommensurate with the situation inPoland, as hunger is not a case for concernhere. Although poverty is a major problemin Poland, it has not assumed extremedimensions. This is why it has been decidedto reformulate that goal into „reducepoverty”, as one better corresponding withPolish terms. Given the weight of theproblem and developments recorded inthe field of poverty in Poland in the 1990s anambitious target has been proposed, namelyto halve the number of the population livingbelow the poverty line by 2015.Goal 2, in its original wording, relates toaccess to primary education. In view of theuniversal access to primary education inPoland, the goal of increasing the enrolmentratio in tertiary education has been adoptedinstead. In 1990, compared with otherEuropean countries, Poland wascharacterized by a low rate of universitygraduation. The relatively low level ofeducation in society, which doesn’tcorrespond to actual requirements, is one ofthe reasons for poverty and unemployment.Increasing the share of the population withuniversity education is also a significant factorinfluencing Poland’s developmentopportunities and the stability of democracy.Furthermore, unlike in the original proposal,in order to achieve changes in higher leveleducation it is proposed to introduce a gross(not net) enrolment ratio in tertiaryeducation. This indicator, which is also usedin international comparisons, will make itpossible to achieve changes in adult educationin Poland, the development of which is one ofPoland’s main developmental targets.

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Tytuł informacji: UN Millennium Development Goals
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